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Myths and Truths

Quick Escape Myth: Human trafficking does not happen in the United States.

Reality: Human trafficking victims can be any gender, race, or nationality.

Myth: Human trafficking victims are foreign born individuals and those who are poor.

Reality:Human trafficking victims can be any age, race, gender, or nationality.  They may come from any socioeconomic group.

Myth: Human trafficking is only sex trafficking.

Reality: While sex trafficking is a significant problem, it is not the only type of human trafficking. Forced labor is another type of human trafficking. Both involve exploitation of people. 

Myth: Individuals must be forced or coerced into commercial sex acts to be victims in the United States.

Reality: Under U.S. federal law, any minor under the age of 18 who is induced to perform commercial sex acts is a victim of human trafficking, regardless of whether he or she is forced or coerced.

Myth: Human trafficking victims will attempt to seek help when in public.

Reality: Human trafficking is often a hidden crime.  Victims may be afraid to come forward and get help; they may be forced or coerced through threats or violence; they may fear retribution from traffickers, including danger to their families; and they may not be in possession of or have control of their identification documents.