- County Commissioners - The seven people who oversee the County
- Gaston County Board of Education - Nine member board who directs the Public School System
- Judges - Six District and 2 Superior Court Judges are elected within Judicial District 27-A
- Municipal Offices - Mayors, Municipal Councils, Commissioners and Aldermen within the County
- Natural Resources Conservation District - Members of the Soil and Water Conservation Board
Municipal elections are conducted in November of "odd" years. All governing body elections are non-partisan with officials elected by simple plurality. There are no primaries to choose a nominee or run off elections. The Board of Elections conducts all elections for the thirteen municipalities.
There are four city councils that are divided into wards. Residency in a ward for a candidate is required; however, the vote is citywide or at-large. Candidates for nine cities/towns run on an at-large basis with residency within in the town/city required.
The mayors of Belmont, Cramerton, Gastonia, Ranlo and McAdenville are elected for 4 year terms. The rest are elected for 2 year terms. A person must be a registered voter in the municipality to file for office, at least 21 years of age, and a resident of the ward (if applicable) for 30 days prior to the election. There are no party affiliation requirements in the elections.
For current officials, please visit each municipalities website: